(right-click) an empty area of the Desktop >>> New >>> (select) Shortcut then browse to the location of the Web Browser's executable File, which in this case would be the chrome.exe File and (select) it. This will create a Shortcut to the Browser itself. In order to make the Shortcut open a specific File or URL, it will be necessary modify Target Path of the Shortcut. To do so, (right-click) the newly created Shortcut and (select) Properties. Once the Properties Menu is open goto the very end of the Target Entry, (click) in the Target Box and add one space plus the Web Address desired. If the Address contains any empty Spaces, it maybe necessary to replace those with what's known as Percent Encoding. This is, also, true for any Relative Paths for local Files or URLs. The Percent Encoding for an empty Space is "%20".
For local Files or Web Pages a Relative Path will have to be entered in the Target Box one space after the closing (last) " and a prefix of "file:///" will need to be added to the location of the File. Back-slashes will need to be changed to forward-slashes and any other Characters that aren't recognized by the Browser as part of a proper Address, such as Empty Spaces, will need to be changed to Percent Encoding. A simple trick to acquire a proper Address Path to the desired File is to (right-click) the local File, then (select) Open With, then choose a Web Browser. Once the File is opened in the Web Browser the properly formatted Address will be in the Address Bar and can be copied\added to Target Box of the new Shortcut. This will save the trouble of discovering the Percent Encoding needed to reach the File.
Now, (click) the "OK" Button of the Properties Menu to save the changes to the Target Path and the Shortcut will now open that File or Link with the Browser the Shortcut was made-to, even if it's not the default Web Browser.
* Requires Administrator Privileges, the Google Chrome Web Browser installed. An Internet Connection is optional. *